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Termite infestations in homes will often go undetected by homeowners for years since it's hard to distinguish evidence of action. Termites will hide in walls or in crawl spaces or in other inaccessible areas within a house. They're sneaky. They dont want to be found or even be out in the sunlight. .
Most termite species are native to North America. Formosan termites are the only species which was transported to U.S. following World War II and are found mostly in California, Florida and along the Gulf Coast.
Termites have three body segments (head, thorax, and abdomen) that are joined widely, unlike many ants. Species aside, termites are divided into the following broad groups:
Termite larvae are very small and white in colour. The immatures are cared for by the other termites in the nest until they grow into a reproductive or worker. Whether they turned into a reproductive or worker depends on the needs of the colony and will be determined during molting.
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Termites are identified in a few different ways. The primary thing that people need to keep in mind is that many times to find evidence of activity you really need to conduct a thorough termite inspection.
Termite droppings (Frass)A heap of feces pellets can be indicative of a termite infestation. The termite droppings often resemble sawdust, as the stool is included of the timber the termites consume.
SwarmersTermite swarms will be the #1 way that most homeowners recognize that they have a termite infestation. These winged termites emerge from nests in large groups. People might see these winged insects pop out and fly around in swarms near a property. Swarmers are looking to partner and get back to the ground.
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Mud tubesFor subterranean termites, you can identify action by identifying sand tubes (also called foraging tubes) that termites use for transportation from dirt to cellulose material (AKA your house). They will build mud tubes whenever they will be subjected to mild and predators. This click this way they have a protected traveling way to get from Point A to Point B..
You can often find termites on foundation walls at which there's an expansion seam where they can get at the structural timber that's resting on the top of the foundation (basement walls or crawl space walls). Sometimes you'll find termites in the corner of the joists and the header planks in the substructure of a home.
Termite galleries and ruined woodAnother manner you can identify termite activity would be to examine ruined wood for termite galleries. For people that are not trained, it can be challenging to perform. Generally, subterranean termite galleries go with the grain of this timber. These galleries will often contain sand. Termites want to maintain an optimal humidity/moisture degree wherever theyre traveling because they desiccate relatively readily.
Termite galleries are typically found on the substructure of a property such as the basement or a crawlspace. If you examine the structures header board and floor joists that rest upon the foundation wall, you might be able to identify the gallery. At the point in time, news its highly recommended to call in a professional.
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Drywood termites are a tiny bit different. They dont originate read more from the soil. They really gallery outside and live in the wood theyre infesting and feeding on. In areas where drywoods are prevalent, you may often find them infesting attics, ceiling joists, roof rafters, on the wooden exteriors of houses, wood posts, wood groove boards, exposed rafter tails and other wooden structures in and around a home.You will not find subway in drywood termite galleries but you will find fecal pellets.
The pellets almost seem like heavy grain sand. The color of drywood termite pellets can vary depending on the type of wood they are infesting on. .
Depending on where you live in the United States, the termite pressures faced may be quite different. In the United States, there are approximately 50 species of termites, only 20 of which might be of concern for structures.Subterranean termites are the most common species of termites in many areas in the U.S.
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In states like California and Florida, drywood termites are just as prevalent as subterranean termites. .
Termites consume cellulose material. They will feed on anything which contains cellulose. Most homes are constructed of conventional lumber that contain cellulose. Termites also have been known to feed on cardboard, paper, cotton tops or anything that contains cellulose as a food supply.